Photo-reportage of the siege of Nablus (Palestinian National Authority), August / September 2003. English Text
The most recent studies and researches on Mafia’s infiltration in Italian legal economy highlights such as the economic crisis is further fueling the growth of Mafia’s clan, feeding their expansion, providing datas and elements to reopen the debate on organized crime, now to be considered as “structural” factor of the economy.
Mafia’s violence must be considered as an important economic factor and has become constitutive element of the markets. For a considerable part of the Italian “entrepreneurs”, who is able to exercise violence is not an outcast but competes on crucial markets. Who is “skilled” to exercise violence, even only as a deterrent, owns a capital.
The impressive figures achieved by Mafia in legal markets highlight the increasing weight of clans in the economy and in Italian society. A real boom that affects almost all sectors of national economy, by the agro-food retailing chain to tourism services, by business services to health care, by services for public administration to real estate sector, by financial services to road haulage, by management to waste industry, etc. A financial turnover estimated of 137 billion euros per year, which gives a profit of 104 billion, of which over 65 in cash. An amount equal to 7% of Italian GDP. Mafia must be considered the very first Italian enterprise.
The economy of Mafia is a Short Circuit in which companies transfer resources from legal business to the clans, by racket, drugs and usury, the criminal organizations then reinvest their capital in the legal economy. The huge income coming from international drug trafficking and drug dealing is reintroduced into banking system through offshore financial companies located beyond the national and European Union’s boundaries, and is partly reused to ensure credit to the companies wich cannot have gaining access to bank credit. Often the credit relation between mafia and legal companies ends up with the engulfment and the replacing of the firms.
Mafia’s money tempt in time of crisis, capitals are moving increasingly from South to North Italy and return in industrial relations and business partnerships, in exchange of know-how and in facilities to enter into the legal markets of northern Italy.
“The joy of seeing Yuri Gagarin flying in space is only superseded by the joy of a good penalty save.” Lev Yashin
With a record of 150 penalties saved in his career, Yashin was the only goalkeeper in history to win the Ballon d’Or. The Soviet national phenomenon, since the dawn of the metaphysics of the telescreened spectacle of sporting events, managed to become the symbol of a football made of silent and mysterious heroes, emblem of the eternal struggle between Good and Evil, whose roles, depending on the ideological approaches of western viewers, were often overturned, succeeding in a deed in which failed even Lenin and Bernstein.
Even writings had to appear, to the preletterate populations of the American continent, as a mean of superhuman communication, as a sign of power, almost divine.
When emerge a new communication technology, thanks to the creation of new media for the transmission of information, new communicative forms in extension and for the processing model of the information become possible; as a result there are new processes of techno-communicative transition during which mythologies, imaginary, interpretative models, projective models and methods are shocked and called into question, subjected to a twist and distorted, causing disturbances of the individual minds and in communicative interaction.
“The Arab spring, and the riots that are shaking the Arab world, causing the falling of the regimes, are marked by the impact of social networks and the birth of the young Arab people of the web”.
We are people of the land. (Egyptian Tweet quoted on Washington Post)
In the beginning was the Image and the image was with Twitter, even before getting owned by Mainstream Media. Every revolution of the past century has been made, as well as represented, even (sometimes especially) with the images, and today digital information adapt technically to their dissemination through the world.
Social Networks are like an intangible medium that invite us to live in a simulated world, where everything is built, fabled and invented according to our needs. The difference is that we can choose, customising the contents and the meanings in the flow of information that invades us, anytime we connect to internet, as soon as we “turn on” our computers. The aesthetics digital realism of the images is the same of the pictures, more complex perhaps, which “metaphysics” of the real is always linked to the attempt to represent the matter the dreams are “made of”.
“There are several conflicting opinions about the forms and even the very nature of educative propaganda, opinions that generally reflect one or another currently fashionable variety of reformist politics. Suffice it to say that in our view the premises for revolution, on the cultural as well as the strictly political level, are not only ripe, they have begun to rot. It is not just returning to the past which is reactionary; even “modern” cultural objectives are ultimately reactionary since they depend on ideological formulations of a past society that has prolonged its death agony to the present. The only historically justified tactic is extremist innovation.”
Guy Debord, Gil J. Wolman, A User Guide to Détournement, 1956
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